Epitopes of calreticulin recognised by IgA autoantibodies from patients with hepatic and coeliac disease.

J Autoimmun. 2003 Dec;21(4):383-92.

Sanchez D, Tuckova L, Mothes T, Kreisel W, Benes Z, Tlaskalova-Hogenova H.

Department of Immunology, Institute of Microbiology
Czech Academy of Sciences
142204 Prague, Czech Republic

Calreticulin (CRT) was identified as a frequent target of serum autoantibodies (Ab) in various diseases, but anti-CRT Ab of IgA isotype were described only in coeliac (CLD) and some hepatic diseases. Employing ELISA with recombinant CRT we found significantly higher (P<0.001) levels of IgA anti-CRT Ab in sera of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) (77.6+/-8.9 AU/mean+/-SE), autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) (105.1+/-9.2 AU) and alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC) (193.5+/-21.0 AU) relative to healthy controls (38.6+/-2.0 AU). The levels of IgG anti-CRT Ab in sera of patients with PBC (59.5+/-3.4 AU), AIH (89.7+/-7.9 AU) and ALC (86.4+/-6.2 AU) were also significantly increased (P<0.001) when compared with controls (38.5+/-2.1 AU). Pepscan technique with decapeptides of CRT (each overlapping by eight amino acids) revealed antigenic epitopes of this molecule recognised by IgA Ab of almost all tested patients-KGKNVLINKD and QVKSGTIFDNFL. We also identified disease specific antigenic epitopes on CRT molecule, predominantly recognised by IgA Ab of patients suffering from a particular disease: GGYVKLFPNS and YVKLFPNSLD in AIH (83%, 92% of patients), GLQTSQDARF and EQRLKEEEED in CLD (both 75%) and ASKPEDWDER in ALC (67%). Identification of disease specific CRT epitopes contributes to clarification of autoreactivity against this molecule.

PMID: 14624761 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]